Feng shui comes from China. It can be thought of as Chinese geomancy, the practice of orienting building sites and buildings in the most auspicious way.
Feng Shui seeks to align a person's environment with the person by listening to the client's needs and using forces of energy output. It utilizes the knowledge of cosmic energy to bring about or restore balance.
Feng shui means wind water. It is one of the Chinese metaphysical five arts and is described as physiognomy, which is about reading the nature of something by observing and interpreting the outer appearance. This often applies to reading someone's face, but can also pertain to a building or a landscape.
Feng shui sees invisible forces of nature contained or expressed through landscapes and architecture. The invisible forces are chi, the energy of life that binds and flows through the universe, the earth and humanity.
Historically, feng shui was widely used to orient buildings—often spiritually significant structures such as tombs, but also dwellings and other structures—in an auspicious manner. Depending on the particular style of feng shui being used, an auspicious site could be determined by reference to local features such as bodies of water, stars, or a compass.
The People's Republic of China, mainland China, went through a cultural revolution from 1966 through 1976, which was political, to enforce communism. Feng shui was strongly discouraged as a result. Since 1976, it has steadily recouped its popularity.